Maven is a build automation tool primarily used for Java projects. It is used to manage and automate the process of building, testing, and deploying software. Maven provides a consistent way to build and manage Java projects, regardless of their size or complexity.
Maven uses a Project Object Model (POM) file, which is an XML file that contains information about the project, such as the dependencies, build plugins, and project structure. This file is used to configure the build process and manage dependencies.
Maven also provides a set of standard conventions for organizing and structuring a Java project, including directory structure, file naming, and project layout. This makes it easy for developers to understand and navigate a Maven project, regardless of who created it.
Maven also provides a set of plugins that can be used to perform various tasks such as compiling code, running tests, and packaging the application. Additionally, it provides a central repository for storing and sharing Java libraries and dependencies, making it easy to manage dependencies in a project.
Maven is widely used among Java developers and it's a great tool for managing and automating the build process of Java projects, especially for large and complex projects. It also makes it easy to manage dependencies and share libraries among different projects.