Best Practices for Web Crawling and Scraping

Maria Chojnowska

6 September 2023, 5 min read

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What's inside

  1. Is Web Crawling and Scraping Legal?
  2. Is Web Scraping the Same as Web Crawling?
  3. What is the Best Way to Scrape a Website?
  4. What is the Etiquette for Web Scraping?
  5. Conclusion

Businesses across industries harness the power of web crawling and scraping to gain valuable insights, competitive intelligence, and market trends. Web data extraction holds the key to informed decision-making and optimizing business strategies.

However, navigating the landscape of web scraping requires a thorough understanding of legal considerations, technical intricacies, and ethical guidelines.

In this piece, we will delve into the best practices for web crawling and scraping, addressing the legality of these practices, differentiating between web crawling and scraping, exploring the most efficient methodologies for data extraction, and establishing the etiquette for responsible web scraping.

The legal aspects of web crawling and scraping are crucial to understanding before embarking on any data extraction project. The answer to the question lies in the ethical handling of data and adherence to the website's terms of service.

To ensure legal compliance, businesses and developers must always read and understand the terms of service of a website before initiating web scraping. Respect any restrictions or guidelines set forth by the website owners.

It is very important to focus on extracting publicly available data that does not require authentication or bypassing security measures. Avoid accessing private or sensitive information without proper authorization.

Remember to respect Robots.txt. The "robots.txt" file on a website indicates which parts of the site can be crawled and scraped by search engines and other bots. Adhere to the rules outlined in this file and avoid accessing disallowed areas.

It is also vital to ensure that the data you are scraping does not infringe on copyright laws or violate intellectual property rights.

By strictly adhering to these guidelines, businesses can conduct web crawling and scraping activities legally and ethically, preserving the integrity of their operations and protecting their reputation.

Is Web Scraping the Same as Web Crawling?

Web crawling and web scraping are related but distinct processes, serving different purposes in web data extraction. Understanding the difference between the two is essential for planning an effective data extraction strategy.

Web CrawlingWeb Scraping
Web crawling involves systematically navigating websites to collect data from multiple pages.

It is akin to an automated browsing process where a bot, known as a web crawler or spider, moves from one page to another, following links to index and gather information for search engines or data repositories.
Web scraping focuses on extracting specific data elements from web pages.

Web scraping targets data points, such as product prices, reviews, or contact information, for analysis or storage.

The distinction between web crawling and scraping guides businesses in choosing the appropriate method for their data acquisition needs and ensures efficient and targeted data extraction.

What is the Best Way to Scrape a Website?


Effectively scraping a website requires careful planning and implementation. The article discusses the best practices for website scraping, helping businesses extract data efficiently and avoid common pitfalls.

Key considerations include:

- Selecting the Right Tools

Choosing appropriate web scraping tools or libraries, such as BeautifulSoup and Scrapy, based on the complexity of the scraping requirements.

- Identifying Target Data

Clearly defining the specific data to be scraped from the website enabling a more focused and efficient scraping process.

- Using Custom Headers

Employing custom headers to mimic legitimate browser requests and reduce the risk of being blocked by anti-scraping measures.

- Implementing Rate Limiting

Incorporating rate limiting mechanisms to prevent overloading the website's servers with excessive scraping requests.

- Handling Errors Gracefully

Accounting for potential errors and exceptions during the scraping process to ensure smooth operation and prevent data loss.

By following these best practices, businesses can scrape websites effectively and ethically, maximizing the value of the extracted data for business insights.

What is the Etiquette for Web Scraping?

Responsible web scraping requires strict adherence to ethical guidelines and respectful treatment of websites and their owners.

The article emphasizes several etiquette practices that must be followed. First and foremost, it is essential to respect the website's "robots.txt" file, which outlines which parts of the site can be scraped and which areas should be avoided. Additionally, to ensure that the scraping process doesn't burden the website's servers or disrupt its performance, incorporating delays between scraping requests is crucial. Data caching should be implemented whenever possible to minimize redundant scraping and reduce the strain on the website's resources.

Furthermore, to promote transparency and accountability, the scraping code should include contact information and a user-agent header. This allows website owners to reach out if necessary. Regularly monitoring the websites being scraped is essential to adjust the code promptly in case of any structural changes.

By adhering to these etiquette guidelines, businesses demonstrate their dedication to responsible web scraping practices and foster positive relationships with website owners and the broader web scraping community.


Web crawling and scraping are potent techniques that offer businesses valuable insights and a competitive edge in today's data-driven landscape. However, navigating the legal, technical, and ethical aspects of web scraping is essential for success. By following the best practices outlined in this guide, businesses can extract web data responsibly and ethically, maximizing the benefits of web scraping for informed decision-making and business growth.

As a leading software company, Sunscrapers offers specialized web scraping solutions that align with legal and ethical standards while delivering valuable data insights for your business. Our expertise in developing efficient and tailored web crawling strategies ensures you harness web data's full potential without compromising integrity.

Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can empower your business with data-driven decision-making. Together, let's unlock the power of web crawling and scraping to revolutionize your business strategies and achieve unparalleled success in the digital era.


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